MVC Framework Tutorial for Beginners: What is, Architecture & Example

We ignore the parent index to simplify our implementation, and just remove the corresponding items from the string list. The model first calls the beginInsertRows() function to inform other components that the number of rows is about to change. The function specifies the row numbers of the first and last new rows to be inserted, and the model index for their parent item. After changing the string list, it calls endInsertRows() to complete the operation and inform other components that the dimensions of the model have changed, returning true to indicate success. Individual items in the selection model are updated by creating a selection of items, and applying them to the selection model. In the following code, we apply a second selection of items to the table model shown above, using the Toggle command to invert the selection state of the items given.

Some of the early frameworks that applied these concepts were KnockoutJS, Django, and Ruby on Rails. Frameworks come and go, but what has been constant are the concepts borrowed from the MVC architecture pattern. To better illustrate the MVC pattern, I’ve included a web application that shows how these concepts all work. By taking a step back to focus on what MVC is and what it can accomplish, it’s much easier to understand and apply the pattern to any web application. When I first learned about MVC patterns, I was intimidated by all the jargon. And even more so when I started applying these concepts to an actual application.


I describe this as application state (Model), state translator (ViewModel), and then the visual state / interaction (View). From what we have seen so far the main benefit of the ViewModel pattern to remove code from XAML code-behind to make XAML editing a more independent task. We still create controllers, as and when needed, to control (no pun intended) the overall logic of our applications.

The model described below provides a custom constructor for just this purpose. The above image shows two different views onto the same model, each containing a number of selected items. Although the data from the model is shown consistently across view, each view maintains its own internal selection model. This can be useful in certain situations but, for many applications, a shared selection model is desirable. In the model/view architecture, the view obtains items of data from the model and presents them to the user. The way that the data is presented need not resemble the representation of the data provided by the model, and may be completely different from the underlying data structure used to store items of data.


To replace the current selection with a new selection, combine the other selection flags with the Current flag. A command using this flag instructs the selection model to replace its current .net mvc developer collection of model indexes with those specified in a call to select(). To clear all selections before you start adding new ones, combine the other selection flags with the Clear flag.

  • The important point is that the team adheres to the SoC principle when designing and building its applications, with each component responsible for a discrete set of tasks.
  • Furthermore, ViewModels are stateless with very little logic, and Models are the State with essentially Zero logic as they should only maintain state.
  • Note that in order for this actionmethod above to work as you intend, you must have a null CTOR defined that intializes things not returned in the post.
  • The items in our model only have one role, DisplayRole, so we return the data for items irrespective of the role specified.
  • Today the MVC pattern is used for modern web applications because it allows the application to be scalable, maintainable, and easy to expand.

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